Injuries to the Hand
Most procedures in hand surgery are those done to repair injured hands, including injuries to the tendons, nerves, blood vessels, and joints; fractured bones; and burns, cuts, and other injuries to the skin. Even in severe injuries, modern techniques have greatly improved the surgeon’s ability to restore function and appearance.
Among the techniques now being used by plastic surgeons:
Grafting is the transfer of skin, nerves, bone or other tissue from a healthy part of the body to repair the injured part.
Flap Surgery involves moving the skin, along with its underlying fat, blood vessels, and muscle from a healthy part of the body to the injured site.
Replantation or Transplantation
Replantation or Transplantation include restoring accidentally amputated fingers or hands using microsurgery, which is an extremely precise and delicate surgery performed under magnification. Some injuries may require several operations over an extended period of time.
In many cases, surgery can restore a significant degree of feeling and function to injured hands. Recovery may take months, and a period of hand therapy will most often be needed.